CAPHTOR

CAPHTOR (Heb. כַּפְתּוֹר, כַּפְתֹּר), place located either in the Aegean Sea area or on the southern coast of Asia Minor. According to Amos 9:7, Jeremiah 47:4, and possibly Genesis 10:14, the Philistines came from Caphtor prior to their penetration of southern Palestine. Deuteronomy 2:23 notes that the Caphtorim destroyed "the Avvim, that dwelt in villages as far as Gaza,, taking over their lands. In an Assyrian document, based upon an ancient Babylonian tradition, describing the empire of Sargon the Great, king of Akkad (24th century B.C.E.), Kaptara is located beyond the "upper sea," i.e., west of the Syria-Palestine coastline. In the mari texts the terms Kaptarû, Kaptarītum occur as names of precious goods apparently imported from the region of the Aegean Sea. According to Ugaritic texts, Kōthar (= Kōsar), the god of crafts, lived in Caphtor (Kptr). It is accepted that the Keftiu (Kftyw) mentioned in inscriptions of Egyptian kings and nobles in the second half of the second millennium is identical with Caphtor. Kftyw is known in Egyptian sources as a distant land accessible by ship. The location of Caphtor or kftyw is in dispute. Most scholars consider Caphtor to be the ancient name for crete and the surrounding islands (cf. "islands" in LXX, Jer. 47:4). In Jeremiah 47:4 Caphtor is defined as an island. Furthermore, several verses place the origin of the Philistines among the Cretans (Ezek. 25:16; Zeph. 2:5), while elsewhere they are identified as coming from Caphtor. The descent of the Caphtorim from the Egyptians (Gen. 10:14) hints at the close relationship that existed between Egypt and Caphtor. Archaeological excavations in Crete have shown that the island was a center of Minoan culture in the second millennium B.C.E. and that the population traded with Egypt, Palestine, Syria, and Mesopotamia. An Egyptian wall painting from the reign of Thutmosis III shows men from kftyw bringing gifts to the Egyptian king. The name Caphtor may be preserved in the name of the island Karpathos, near Crete. Those who reject the identification of Caphtor with Crete look for it on the southern coast of Asia Minor, near Cilicia, on the basis of the Septuagint and Targum Onkelos which use the name Cappadocia (Gr. Καππαδοκία) in place of Caphtor. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: G.A. Wainwright, in: VT, 6 (1956), 199–210; Pritchard, Texts, 248–9; EM, S.V. (includes bibliography). ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: R. Hess, in: ABD I:869–70. (Bustanay Oded)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Caphtor — ( he. כפתור) is a locality mentioned in the Book of Amos, 9.7: Have not I brought up Israel out of the land of Egypt? and the Philistines from Caphtor, and the Syrians from Kir? It is named as the place of origin of the Caphtorites, said in… …   Wikipedia

  • Caphtor —    A chaplet, the original seat of the Philistines (Deut. 2:23; Jer. 47:4; Amos 9:7). The name is found written in hieroglyphics in the temple of Kom Ombos in Upper Egypt. But the exact situation of Caphtor is unknown, though it is supposed to be …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Philistins —  Pour les données archéologiques sur les Pelesets (Philistins), voir Données archéologiques sur les Philistins. Cet article traite des Philistins. Pour la présentation de ceux ci dans les sources bibliques, voir Philistins (Bible). Les… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Philistines — ] The Philistines (Hebrew פלשתים, plishtim ) (see other uses below) were a people who inhabited the southern coast of Canaan, their territory being named Philistia in later contexts. Their origin has been debated among scholars. The Philistine… …   Wikipedia

  • Minoan civilization — Map of Minoan Crete History of Greece …   Wikipedia

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  • List of Biblical names — This is a list of names from the Bible, mainly taken from the 19th century public domain resource: : Hitchcock s New and Complete Analysis of the Holy Bible by Roswell D. Hitchcock, New York: A. J. Johnson, 1874, c1869.Each name is given with its …   Wikipedia

  • Sea Peoples — The Sea Peoples is the term used for a confederacy of seafaring raiders of the second millennium BC who sailed into the eastern shores of the Mediterranean, caused political unrest, and attempted to enter or control Egyptian territory during the… …   Wikipedia

  • Philistin — Philistins  Pour les données archéologiques sur les Pelesets (Philistins), voir Données archéologiques sur les Philistins Cet article traite des Philistins. Pour la présentation de ceux ci dans les sources bibliques, voir Philistins (Bible) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Мицраим — (ивр. מִצְרַיִם‎, араб. مصر‎‎)  самоназвание страны Египет на иврите, с удваивающим суффиксом аим, возможно означающими Верхний Египет и Нижний Египет. Угаритские письмена называли Египет Мсрм, в Амарнском архиве он называется Мисри,… …   Википедия

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